4 Major Things to Know About Shenzhen China
Shenzhen is comprises a number of art venues, beer gardens and tacky kitsch. It is a popular commercial hub on the globe. It’s close to Hong Kong and was recently named a UNESCO City of Design. If you are planning to do business in one of China’s most interesting and underrated cities, this article will be useful to you.
#1.History of Shenzhen
In May, 1980, Shenzhen was singled out to be the first of the five Special Economic Zones (SEZ). The zone was created as an experimental ground for practicing capitalism in a community where ideals of socialism with Chinese characteristics were the order of the day.
Shenzhen got promoted to a sub-provincial city in March 1983. This promotion gave the city the right of provincial-level economic administration in 1988. Shenzhen is one of the largest cities in the Pearl River Delta region. It’s also the largest manufacturing base on the globe. The city was home to the Provincial Legislative Council and Provincial Executive Council of Hong Kong for five months in 1996.
On the 1st of July, 2010, Shenzhen expanded to comprise all districts. The city hosted the 26th Universiade (an international multi-sport event for university athletes) in August, 2011.
#2.Administrative Districts of Shenzhen
Shenzhen comprises eight administrative districts which include:
Futian was considered as being a part of the Shenzhen Economic Zone after it was designated in 1980. It was promoted to district status in October, 1990. The Shangbu district (which had previously governed the Futian subdistrict) then became a part of Futian district. The district government was established on Shennan Middle Road.
The Central Business District (CBD) is located within the Futian district. CBD is a planned development project and commenced in the early 1990s. it comprises an area of 607 hectares. The district is bounded by Binhe Dadao, Lianhua Road, Xinzhou Road and Caitian Road.
The CBD houses many office high-rises as well as government buildings. Some of these buildings are prominent buildings in Shenzhen, like the Shenzhen City Hall (Civic Centre), Shenzhen Library and Concert Hall, Shenzhen Convention and Exhibition Center as well as the Shenzhen Development Bank building.
- Luohu District
Luohu district was established as the first district of Shenzhen after Shenzhen was given the city status in October, 1979. To aid the infrastructure during the construction phases, many hills were flattened.
The district also contains some of the tallest and most recognizable buildings in Shenzhen. These buildings include KK100 and the Guoma Building.
- Nanshan District
At the end of 2011, Nanshan district had a total resident population of 1,087,936 as well as a census-registered population of 0.5492 million. A major proportion of the population is concentrated in the southern half of the district.
Some notable firms such as Tencent, ZTE, Vapestrm and China Resources Beverage (CR Beverage) amongst others have their headquarters in Hi-Tech Park, Nanshan. The South China office of CR Beverage is located on the 10th floor of the Min Tai Building on Nanhai Road, Nanshan District.
- Baoan District
Baoan district is majorly a secondary sector economy. It is an industrial center that’s famous for having lots of electronic factories, most especially in Xixiang sub-district. The district also has a meaningful number of service industries. However, agriculture that was once dominating the economy has reduced in recent years. High-rises can also be found all over Baoan.
- Longgang District
Longgang was established as a district on the 1st of January, 1993. It can be found in northeastern Shenzhen. It has an area of 682.87 square kilometres (263.66 sq mi), thus making it the largest district by area in Guangdong province.
- Longhua District
Longhua was created as a new district on 30th December, 2011. It became a district on the 11th of October, 2016. Longhua New District is one of the major production hubs in Shenzhen. It houses manufacturing industries, trading industries as well as information technology. It forms an outward economic structure that is typical in Shenzhen Special Economic Zone.
- Pingshan District
It was established as a New District on 30th June, 2009 by the Shenzhen municipal government. The new district superseded the old plan that was developed in 1994 and began construction in 1997. Pingshan was still part of Longgan district in terms of administrative management. Pingshan was officially separated from Longgan to stand on its own as a district on October 11, 2016.
#3.The Transportation System of Shenzhen
Shenzhen, located on the Pearl River Delta and close to Hong Kong, has the busiest transportation system in China. In this section, we’ll discuss the different transportation networks in Shenzhen.
- Train Stations
Shenzhen has six train stations namely Shenzhen Railway Station, West Railway Station, North Railway Station, Futian Railway Station, East Railway Station and Pingshan Railway Station.
Ordinary and bullet trains are operated in the city. This makes it very easy to assess most major cities in China starting here, like Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Xian, Guilin, Hangzhou, Changsha, Nanjing, Shenyang, Wuhan, Zhengzhou, and Xiamen.
- Subway Lines
The sub way lines comprise eight lines. The network has been used since 28th December, 2004. This makes Shenzhen the fifth city in mainland China to have a subway after Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai and Guangzhou.
The subway system of Shenzhen provides a fast and economical means of moving in the city. It reaches to the border found between Shenzhen and Hong Kong at Luo Hu station and Fu Tian Kou An station, where passengers can move to Lo Wu station and Lok Ma Chau Station for the Hong kong travel.
The subway lines include:
Line 1 (Luobao Line): Luohu – Airport East
Line 2 (Shekou Line): Chiwan – Xinxiu
Line 3 (Longgang Line): Shuanglong – Yitian
Line 4 (Longhua Line): Futian Checkpoint – Qinghu
Line 5 (Huanzhong Line): Qianhaiwan – Huangbeiling
Line 7 (Xili Line): Xili Lake - Tai'an
Line 9 (Meilin Line): Hongshuwan South – Wenjin
Line 11 (Airport Line): Bitou - Futian
- Bus Stations
Shenzhen has more than 10 long-distance bus stations. Irrespective of the district you are, you can easily take a bus to around cities and places. Some of the bus stations include Yinhu Bus Station, Luohu Long-distance Bus Station, Qiaoshe Long-distance Bus Station, Futian Long-distance Bus Station, Nanshan Bus Station, Shenzhen Baoan Airport Bus Station, Huanggang Bus Station, Yantian Bus Station and Donghu Bus Station amongst others.
The Shenzhen Baoan International Airport was opened on the 12th of October, 1991. It is one of the three largest airport hubs that serve the Pearl River Delta area in southern China. It has direct ferry routes to Hong Kong International Airport and Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport. It also has ferry routes to Hong Kong International Airport which enables passengers to transit without passing through immigration and custom checks.
When compared to Hong Kong International Airport, Shenzhen Baoan International Airport has greater connectivity to domestic Chinese cities at cheaper ticket prices. The major disadvantages for international travelers are the absence of long-haul air connections outside of Asia as well as the poorer service in English.
#4.The Major Market Places In Shenzhen
- Huaqiang North
Huaqiang North is an electronic market place that is located in the Futian district. It is the most prosperous shopping area in Shenzhen and houses dozens of market places for electronic products. It is a great place to dine, with lots of restaurants offering different Chinese cuisines and foreign dishes like Pizza Hut, AijiSeN and Hagen Daas.
It is the most commercial street in Shenzhen. It is also a major base for the flow of electronic products, most especially nationally known mobile wholesale and retail business.
Henggang is the glasses market place in Shenzhen and it’s located in Longgang district. It houses about 500 spectacles manufacturing companies. It produces about 200 million pairs of spectacles every year. 95% of these are exported to more than 130 countries and regions all over the globe. This accounts for over 70% of market share in Europe and about 60% globally.
Thus, it is very easy to get a pair of high-quality glasses in Shenzhen at a very cheap price (most especially in the wholesale and retail markets). These markets have frames that are cheaper than those in high street stores (irrespective of what they are made of- whether they are plastic, panel materials, alloy or pure titanium).
Although Shenzhen is a popular destination for business travelers and Chinese tourists, it has been relatively undiscovered by international tourists. This, however, is changing.
This change can be attributed to the city’s striking architecture, abundance of parks and open space, modern road network, expanding underground metro rail system, easy accessibility from Hong Kong amongst other tourist attractions.
Have you ever being to this city? We’ll love to learn from your experience through the comment section below.